A vaginal yeast infection is an infection caused by a yeast ( a type of fungus) called Candida. This infection is called Candidiasis.
Ordinarily, a healthy vagina contains bacteria and some yeast cells which protect the vagina. Once the balance between these bacteria and yeast cells are disrupted, an overgrowth of candida or penetration of the fungus into deeper vaginal cell layers causes the signs and symptoms of a yeast infection.
Vaginal yeast infections aren’t considered a sexually transmitted infections (STI), since women who aren’t sexually axtive can also get them. However, there’s also some evidence that infections may be linked to mouth to genital contact (oral-genital sex).
What are the symptoms of Vaginal yeast infection?
• Itching and irritation in the vagina and vulva
• Rashes on the vagina
• Burning during urination or sex
• Redness or swelling
• Pain during sex
• Whitish-gray and clumpy vaginal discharge.
What factors can cause a yeast infection?
• Use of antibiotics; broad spectrum which kill a range of bacteria, also kill healthy bacteria(lactobacillus) in your vagina
• Uncontrolled diabetes
• Weak/impaired immune system
• Hormonal imbalance near menstrual cycle
• Wearing tight-fitting pants
• Douching and use of scented feminine products,including bubble bath,pads and tampons
• Staying in wet clothes,such as swimsuits and workout attire,for long periods of time.
How do you treat yeast infection?
Treatments are generally determined based on the severity of the symptoms.
For simple yeast infections, 1-3-day regimen of an antifungal cream, ointment, tablet or suppository. These medications can be in either a prescription or and over-the-counter form.
Common medications include: