Chlamydia(caused by Chlamydia trachomatis) is one of, if not the most common STI in the world. This Bacteria infection is deadly because it doesn’t usually manifest with symptoms so is difficult to detect/notice and can result to serious complications like Infertility.
Statistically, 4.7% of Women and 2.5% of men around the world have Chlamydia . In 2015 alone, the world recorded a whopping 61 million known new cases of Chlamydia and over 2.5million people contract this bacteria infection in the USA yearly.
Though young adults (≤25) are at a higher risk of getting infected with Chlamydia, the infection is still easily transmitted through unprotected anal, vaginal, or oral sex to people of all ages.
Chlamydia left untreated (1-2 years) or repeated infections can cause reproductive complications especially in women. 10-15% of women with untreated chlamydia develop PID(Pelvic Inflammatory Disease) which results in damage to the Fallopian tubes and hence Infertility.
In men, it can also result in sterility by causing more fragmentation of the Sperms DNA
People with Chlamydia are at higher risk of getting infected with other STI’s like HIV.
Tests for Chlamydia
The Doctor can take a Vaginal swab, Rectal Swab, or Urine sample to test for Chlamydia.
Abnormal vaginal Discharge with or Without Odour
Bleeding After Sex
Burning Sensation with Urination
Painful or Swollen Testicles
Pain with Period
Bleeding between Menstrual Periods
Burning or Itching at Tip of Penis
Discharge from Penis
P.S. – Most people with Chlamydia will have few or none of these symptoms listed above.
If tested positive, a 1g Single dose of Azithromycin or a 7 days treatment with Doxycycline are the most common antibiotics for the treatment of Chlamydia. Other Antibiotics that can be used include Tetracycline, Erythromycin.
Note: (Remember, A doctor or Pharmacist is better fitted to make the best choice of medication for you,please do not self medicate as Antibiotics have devastating side effects when misused) .
Chlamydia is easily transmitted through sexual intercourse, so your partner is most likely already infected. Therefore, your treatment is not complete if they still have the infection. He/She should get tested as well and treat the infection together with you.
Note: While treating Chlamydia, you should not engage in any sexual activity until one week from when you started the treatment has elapsed or else you risk getting infected again.
Obstetrics and gynecologist
Courtsey: Iloabuchi Francis C.