Migraine is a type of headache with varying intensity, usually on one side of the head. It often begins with a dull headache which progresses into throbbing pain. The pain can move from one side of your head to the other.
In most people, this strong headache also comes with nausea, sensitivity to light and sound.
Migraine attacks can last for several hours to days.
It often begins in childhood, adolescence, or early adulthood.
Types of migraine
The most common types of migraine are; migraine with aura, and Migraine without aura.
Migraine with Aura is the type of migraine that presents signs and symptoms, called an aura, that some people have before a migraine begins. Such symptoms include vision changes, dizziness, confusion, feeling prickling skin, and weakness.
Migraine without aura (common migraine): It is the most common type of migraine headache, and accounts for about 75% of all migraines. It does not have early symptoms.
What causes Migraine?
The exact cause is not yet known, however the cause is suggested to be related to changes in the brain make up, and genes.
Risk factors of migraine – The likelihood of having migraines.
Women have migraines more often than men.
Most people start having migraines between the ages of 10-40, and it goes away after the age of 50.
If any of your family members experiences, or had had migraine, you have increased chances of experiencing it too.
Other medical conditions such as depression, anxiety, bipolar disorders sleep disorders, and epilepsy increase your chances of experiencing migraines.
Migraine Treatment and Home Remedies
There’s no cure for migraine headaches. But there are drugs that can be used to treat or even prevent them.
Common migraine treatments include:
- Pain relief. Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs such as acetaminophen (Panadol, Tylenol), aspirin, caffeine, and Ibuprofen often work well. Be careful when you take OTC pain medications, because they might also add to a headache. If you use them too much, you can get rebound headaches or become dependent on them.
- Nausea medicine. Your doctor can prescribe medication if you get nausea with your migraine.
- Triptans. These drugs help balance the chemicals in your brain. You might get it as a pill to swallow, tablets you dissolve on your tongue, or even a nasal spray, or a shot. They include; almotriptan, eletriptan, Sumatriptan, Zolmitriptan, fovatriptan, and rizatriptan.
- Ergotamine – Cafergot, Migergot, Ergomar.
- Lasmiditan – Eases pain, nausea, and sensitivity to light or sound.
Common Home remedies for Migraine
- Resting with your eyes closed in a dark, quiet room
- Using a cool compress or putting ice pack on your forehead
- Drinking a lots of liquids