Friendly Deadly Sexually Transmitted Infection – Human Papilloma Virus

Human papillomavirus also called genital warts. It is an STI and also a viral infection. There are more than 100 types of HPV. HPV is known to be the most common sexually transmitted infection in the world. HPV usually develops with a genital wart . As a viral infection HPV has no cure but the genital warts could be treated and most times heal on there own after a few years. HPV is very deadly in females, as its the leading cause of Cervical Cancer in females.

HPV is so common that 8 out of every 10 sexually active person has a strain of HPV, and this has serious health implication. So if you are a Virgin, don’t count yourself unlucky you aren’t missing much. It’s the second leading cause of cancer in the world and also causes some rare cancers like Anal, penile(Penis) and Vaginal Cancer. HPV has different strains/types, the one that causes genital warts is not the same with the one that causes cervical cancer. But you could still have different types of the virus all at once.

Risks and Complications

The major risk of HPV is the risk of causing Cancer. Pregnant women are usually not at risk of passing this to their babies but when it does happen the child will end up having throat warts.

Test

Women can be tested for HPV by taking a Vaginal swab and checking for the formation of abnormal cells to know if there is cancer. About 14 strands of HPV is cancerous, the un-cancerous ones will not be detected by the test. Men cannot be tested for HPV.

Symptoms

HPV most times do not have symptoms. The appearance of Warts is the singular identifiable symptom of HPV. Your immune system could fight and prevent the development of Warts. But when it does show, there are 5 different types;

Genital warts (Male and Female)
Flat Warts
Common Warts
Plantar Warts

Treatment

Gardasil-9 Vaccine is used to protect one against infection by HPV. Without the vaccine, an infection with HPV is not curable. Genital warts can be treated by the way, using prescription medications, burning with an electrical current, or freezing with liquid nitrogen.
Cancer cells when detected are removed by surgery or treated with chemotherapy.

Specialists

Obstetrics and gynecologist
Urologist
Oncologist

Courtsey: Iloabuchi Francis C.

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