Gonorrhea (Neisseria gonorrhoeae) is a sexually transmitted Bacteria infection commonly known as ‘The Clap’.
Its Symptoms and Complications are very similar to that of Chlamydia, but Gonorrhea is more resistant to treatment with Antibiotics and has more possibility of complications than Chlamydia. It’s transmitted by having unprotected oral, anal, or vaginal sex with an infected person; it’s also transmitted by just sexual contact with an infected person penetration or ejaculation does not need to happen.
It’s more common among Men. A Painful and burning sensation in the Penis while urinating is it’s major and first symptom in men and this manifests within 1-10 days of Infection. But sometimes the infection is without symptoms i.e. asymptomatic.
Statistically, over 1.1million people in the US get infected with Gonorrhea every year. As with most STI’s, It’s most common among young adults of age (20-24years) mainly because of their inclination to have unprotected sex.
Pregnant women can infect their babies with Gonorrhea during childbirth. This can blind the baby and cause joint infection, or a life-threatening blood infection in the baby.
People with gonorrhea are more susceptible to infection by other STI’s like HIV. It’s possible for the gonorrhea infection to spread to other parts of your body and cause Infection in those parts of your body like your skin or joints
Just like chlamydia, Women have more long term complication due to Gonorrhea andthe risk of causing Infertility.
Gonorrhea is tested by a doctor by taking a swab of the vagina, anus, throat or by using your urine.
Common Symptoms in men
Greater frequency or urgency of urination
Unusual discharge from the penis (white, yellow, beige, or greenish)
Swelling or redness at the opening of the penis
Swelling or pain in the testicles
A persistent sore throat
Common symptoms in Women
Watery, creamy, or slightly green discharge from the vagina
Pain or burning sensation while urinating
The need to urinate more frequently
Heavier periods or spotting
Pain upon engaging in sexual intercourse
Sharp pain in the lower abdomen
Due to the fact that Gonorrhea is resistant to treatment by Antibiotics, a synergistic combination of different antibiotics is required to effectively combart an infection
A Combination of Ceftriaxone injection and Azithromycin has proven to be an efficient remedy in treating Gonorrhea.
Note: (Remember, A doctor or Pharmacist is better fitted to make the best choice of medication for you,please do not self medicate as Antibiotics have devastating side effects when misused).
As with chlamydia, on testing positive for Gonorrhea, you should notify your partner/partners from the last 6 months to go see a doctor to get tested and treated.
Treatment of Gonorrhea will not treat the complications that result due to the infection (like infertility, blindness in perinatally infected babies) but will take care of the infection and it’s symptoms.
Note: While treating Gonorrhea,you should not engage in any sexual activity until the infection has cleared else you risk getting infected again.
Obstetrics and gynecologist
Courtsey: Iloabuchi Francis C.