Antibiotics are agents that destroy or slow down the growth of microorganisms. Antibiotics are also known as anti-bacterial. They include a range of powerful drugs and are used to treat diseases caused by bacteria.
Penicillins are widely used antibiotics that are effective against varieties of infections such as skin, dental, ear, respiratory tract, and urinary tract infections.
While Antibiotics have activity against varieties of infections, self medication, and frequent use of this class of drugs poses a great danger to health.
DANGERS OF ANTIBIOTIC ABUSE
- A small risk of serious complications or side-effects, including damage to the heart, tendons or nerves, or the development of a rash.
- An imbalance in your gut flora, which means that bad gut bacteria could flourish. This could put you at risk of obesity, inflammatory bowel disease, nervous system disorders, depression, and anxiety.
- Antibiotics Resistance; When a bacteria has been exposed very often to an antibiotic, it becomes resilient to it – so the antibiotic no longer works to kill it. The more we use antibiotics, and the more we use them inappropriately or when they are not needed, the more resistant bacteria become.
Antibiotics are not effective against viral infections such as the common cold, most sore throats, and the flu. Using antibiotics when they are not needed contributes to antibiotic resistance and unwanted side effects.
The more antibiotics are used, the more resistant the bacteria can become because sensitive bacteria are killed, but stronger germs resist the treatment and grow and multiply. Repeated and improper use of antibiotics contributes to this process.
Antibiotic resistance in children and older adults are of particular concern due to high rates of antibiotic use. Once a particular bacterium becomes resistant to an antibiotic, treating that infection becomes more difficult and in some cases, medically impossible. Untreated, bacterial infections can spread rapidly.
HOW DO YOU PREVENT ANTIBIOTRICS RESISTANCE?
- Complete your prescribed course of treatment exactly as instructed by your healthcare provider. Do not stop taking your medicine even if you feel better, and do not save any antibiotics for future use.
- Do not take antibiotics for viral infections and or self medications.
- Do not take someone else’s antibiotics because different kinds of antibiotics treat different types of bacterial infections.